Plants

This is an easily navigated list of plants that are toxic and non-toxic to birds. The list includes the parts that are toxic. The list is alphabetically ordered by common name (not scientific name).

-A-

Toxic
Acokanthera – all parts are toxic except the ripe fruit
Amaryllis – all parts are toxic
Andromeda – all parts are toxic
Angel’s Trumpet – seeds, leaves, and flowers are toxic
Apricot – pits, leaves, and bark are toxic
Apple – seeds, leaves, and bark are toxic
Arum Lily – all parts are toxic
Australian Flame Tree – all parts are toxic
Autumn Crocus – all parts are toxic
Avocado – pits, unripe fruit, leaves, and stems are toxic
Azalea – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Abelia
Acacia (some species)
African Daisy
African Violet
Aluminum Plant
Aloe
Aralia
Arbutus
Areca
Ash
Asparagus Fern
Aspen
Aspidistra

-B-

Toxic
Balsam Pear – all parts are toxic
Baneberry – all parts are toxic
Belladonna – all parts are toxic
Bird of Paradise – seed pods and flowers are toxic
Bishop’s Weed – all parts are toxic
Bitter Melon – all parts are toxic
Bittersweet – all parts are toxic
Black Garden (Nightshade) – unripe berries and leaves are toxic
Black Laurel – all parts are toxic
Black Locust – all parts are toxic
Bleeding Heart – all parts are toxic
Bloodroot – all parts are toxic
Blue Bonnet – all parts are toxic
Blue-Green Algae – all parts are toxic
Boston Ivy – all parts are toxic
Boxwood – all parts are toxic
Bracken Fern – all parts are toxic
Buckthorn – all parts are toxic
Burdock – all parts are toxic
Buttercup – all parts are toxic
Broad Bean – all parts are toxic
Broom Grass – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Baby’s Tears
Baby’s Breath
Bachelor Buttons
Barberry
Beech
Begonia
Birch
Bird’s Nest Fern
Blood Leaf Plant
Boston Fern
Bougainvillea
Brake
Bromeliads
Butterfly Cane

-C-

Toxic
Cacao – all parts are toxic
Caladium – all parts are toxic
Calla Lily – all parts are toxic
Camel Bush – all parts are toxic
Cana Lily – all parts are toxic
Candelabra – all parts are toxic
Cardinal Flower – all parts are toxic
Castor Bean – all parts are toxic
Catclaw Acacia – twigs and leaves are toxic
Chalice – all parts are toxic are toxic
Cherry – pits, leaves, and bark are toxic
Cherry Nightshade – unripe berries and leaves are toxic
Chinaberry – all parts are toxic
Christmas Candle – all parts are toxic
Clematis – all parts are toxic
Cocklebur – all parts are toxic
Coral Plant – all parts are toxic
Coriander – all parts are toxic
Corn Grass – all parts are toxic
Corncockle – all parts are toxic
Coyotillo – all parts are toxic
Cowslip – all parts are toxic
Crocus (Autumn) – all parts are toxic
Crotalaria – all parts are toxic
Crown of Thorns – all parts are toxic
Cuckoopint – all parts are toxic
Cutleaf Philodendron – all parts are toxic
Cycad – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
California Holly
Calamint
Calendula
Camellia
Chamomile
Chickweed
Chicory
Cissus Kangaroo Vines
Claw Cactus
Coffee Tree – the coffee beverage is toxic
Coleus
Comfrey
Corn Plant
Cottonwood
Crabapple – fruit only
Creeping Jenny
Croton – house variety

-D-

Toxic
Daffodil – all parts are toxic
Daphne – all parts are toxic
Deadly Nightshade – unripe berries and leaves are toxic
Death Camas – all parts are toxic
Delphinium – all parts are toxic
Devil’s Ivy – all parts are toxic
Dieffenbachia (Dumb Cane) – all parts are toxic
Dock – all parts are toxic
Dumb Cane – all parts are toxic
Dutchman’s Breeches – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Dahlia
Dandelion
Date
Daylily
Dill
Dish
Dogwood
Donkey Tail
Dracaena
Dragon Tree

-E-

Toxic
Eggplant – unripe/overipe fruit and leaves are toxic
Elderberry – roots, leaves, stems, and bark are toxic
Elephant’s Ears – all parts are toxic
English Ivy – all parts are toxic
Ergot – all parts are toxic
Euonymus – filit, leaves, and bark are toxic
European Pennyroyal – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Easter Cactus
Echeveria
Elephant Foot Tree
Elderberry – cooked, ripe fruit only
Elk’s Horn
Elm
Eucalyptus
Eugenia
European Fan

-F-

Toxic
False Hellebore – all parts are toxic
Fava Bean – all parts are toxic
Felt Plant – all parts are toxic
Figs – sap is toxic
Fire Thorn – all parts are toxic
Flame Tree – all parts are toxic
Four o’clock – all parts are toxic
Foxglove – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Fir

-G-

Toxic
Glory Bean – all parts are toxic
Glottidium – all parts are toxic
Golden Chain – all parts are toxic
Grass (Broom, Corn, Johnson, Sorghum, and Sudan) – all parts are toxic
Ground Cherry – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Gardenia
Garlic
Gloxinia
Gold Dust Dracaena
Grape Ivy
Grape Vine

-H-

Toxic
Heath (Andromeda, Azalea, Black Laurel, Kalmia, Leucotho, Mountain Laurel, Peires, and Rododendron) – all parts are toxic
Hemlock (Poison and Water) – all parts are toxic
Heliotrope – leaves are toxic
Hemp – all parts are toxic
Henbane – all parts are toxic
Holly – berries and leaves are toxic
Honey Locust – all parts are toxic
Horse Bean – all parts are toxic
Horse Chestnut – all parts are toxic
Horse Nettle – all parts are toxic
Horse Tail – all parts are toxic
Hyacinth – all parts are toxic
Hydrangea – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Hens and Chicks
Hibiscus
Honeysuckle
Hoya

-I-

Toxic
Iris – all parts are toxic
Ivy (Boston, English, and some others) – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Impatiens
Indian Hawthorne

-J-

Toxic
Jack-in-the-Pulpit – all parts are toxic
Jasmine – all parts are toxic
Jerusalem Cherry – all parts are toxic
Jerusalem Nightshade – unripe berries and leaves are toxic
Jessamine, Yellow – leaves and stems are toxic
Jimsonweed – seeds, leaves, and flowers are toxic
Johnson Grass – all parts are toxic
Jonquil – all parts are toxic
Juniper – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Jade Plant

-K-

Toxic
Kalmia – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Kalanchoe

-L-

Toxic
Lantana – all parts are toxic
Larkspur – all parts are toxic
Laurel – all parts are toxic
Leucotho – all parts are toxic
Lily-of-the-Valley – all parts are toxic
Lily, Arum – all parts are toxic
Lobelia – all parts are toxic
Locoweed – all parts are toxic
Locust (Black and Honey) – all parts are toxic
Lords and Ladies – all parts are toxic
Lupine – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Larch
Lemon balm
Lilac
Lily (Easter or Tiger)

-M-

Toxic
Malanga – all parts are toxic
Marijuana – all parts are toxic
Meadow Saffron – all parts are toxic
Mescal Bean – all parts are toxic
Mexican Breadfruit – all parts are toxic
Mexican Poppy – all parts are toxic
Milkweed – all parts are toxic
Mistletoe – all parts are toxic
Mock Orange – all parts are toxic
Moonseed – all parts are toxic
Monkshood – all parts are toxic
Morning Glory – seeds are toxic
Mountain Laurel – all parts are toxic
Mushrooms – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Magnolia
Marigold
Maidenhair Fern
Manzanita
Mayapple
Monkey Plant
Moses-in-the-Cradle
Mother-In-Law’s-Tounge

-N-

Toxic
Narcissus – all parts are toxic
Navy Bean – all parts are toxic
Nettle – all parts are toxic
Nightshade (Bittersweet, Black Garden, Cherry, Deadly, Eggplant, Jerusalem, and Woody) – unripe berries and leaves are toxic

Non-Toxic
Nandina
Nasturtium
Natal Plum
Nerve Plant

-O-

Toxic
Oak – all parts are toxic
Oleander – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
None

-P-

Toxic
Peach – pits, leaves, and bark are toxic
Pear – seeds, leaves, and bark are toxic
Peires – all parts are toxic
Pencil Tree – all parts are toxic
Peony – all parts are toxic
Periwinkle – all parts are toxic
Peyote – all parts are toxic
Philodendron – all parts are toxic
Pigweed – all parts are toxic
Plum – pits, leaves, and bark are toxic
Poison Hemlock – all parts are toxic
Poison Ivy – all parts are toxic
Poison Oak – all parts are toxic
Poison Sumac – all parts are toxic
Poinciana – all parts are toxic
Poinsettia – all parts are toxic
Poppy – all parts are toxic
Pokeweed – all parts are toxic
Potato – sprouts, berries, leaves, and green tubers are toxic
Pothos – all parts are toxic
Precatory Bean – all parts are toxic
Primrose – all parts are toxic
Privet – all parts are toxic
Pyracantha – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Parsley
Passionflower
Peppermint
Peperomia
Petunia
Pony Tail Palm
Popular
Prayer Plant
Purple Passion
Purple Velvet
Pyracantha

-R-

Toxic
Ragwort – all parts are toxic
Rain Tree – all parts are toxic
Ranunculus – all parts are toxic
Rattle Box – all parts are toxic
Red Maple – all parts are toxic
Rhododendron – all parts are toxic
Rhubarb – leaves are toxic
Rosary Pea – all parts are toxic
Runner Bean – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Raphiolepsis
Ribbon
Rose
Rubber Plant
Russian Olive

-S-

Toxic
Sage – all parts are toxic
Sago Cycas – all parts are toxic
Sandbox Tree – all parts are toxic
Scarlet Bean – all parts are toxic
Shamrock Plant – all parts are toxic
Skunk Cabbage – all parts are toxic
Snowdrop – all parts are toxic
Snow on Mountain – all parts are toxic
Sorghum Grass – all parts are toxic
Sorrel – all parts are toxic
Spurges (Candelabra, Crown of Thorns, Pencil Tree, Snow on Mountain) – all parts are toxic
Star of Bethlehem – all parts are toxic
Sudan Grass – all parts are toxic
Sweet Pea – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Schefflera
Sensitive Plant
Spearmint
Spider Plant
Spruce
Squirrel’s Foot Fern
Staghorn
Star Jasmine
String of Beads
Sweedish Ivy
Sword Fern

-T-

Toxic
Tansy Ragwort – all parts are toxic
Taro – all parts are toxic
Tobacco – all parts are toxic
Tomato – stems and leaves are toxic
Tulip – all parts are toxic
Trumpet Vine – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Thistle
Ti Plant
Tiger Lily

-V-

Toxic
Virginia Bower – all parts are toxic
Virginia Creeper – all parts are toxic
Vetches – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Violet

-W-

Toxic
Water Hemlock – all parts are toxic
Wattle – all parts are toxic
Waxberry – all parts are toxic
White Cedar China – all parts are toxic
Wisteria – all parts are toxic
Woody Nightshade – unripe berries and leaves are toxic

Non-Toxic
Wandering Jew
Willow

-Y-

Toxic
Yellow Jasmine – all parts are toxic
Yew – all parts are toxic

Non-Toxic
Yucca

-Z-

Toxic
None

Non-Toxic
Zebra Plant